Electric Power Industry CO2 Emissions and Generation Share by Fuel Type

In 1999, estimated emissions of CO2 in the United States resulting from the generation of electric power were

2,245 million metric tons, an increase of 1.4 percent from the 2,215 million metric tons in 1998. The estimated

generation of electricity from all sources increased by 2.0 percent, going from 3,617 billion kilowatthours to 3,691

billion kilowatthours. Electricity generation from coal-fired plants, the primary source of CO2 emissions from

electricity generation, was nearly the same in 1999 as in 1998. Much of the increase in electricity generation was

produced by gas-fired plants and nuclear plants. The 1999 national average output rate was 1.341 pounds of CO2

per kilowatthour generated.

Updated State-level Greenhouse Gas Emission Coefficients

for Electricity Generation 1998-2000

Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy

Source Reports:

CO2 Reduction Source: The average annual electricity consumption for a U.S. residential utility customer was 10,896 kWh, an average of 908 kilowatt-hours (kWh) per month. U.S. Energy Information Administration, Table 5: Residential Average Monthly Bill by Census Division, and State, available at http://www.eia.doe.gov/tools/faqs/faq.cfm?id=97&t=3. On average, electricity sources emit 1.341 pounds (lbs) of carbon dioxide (CO2) per kWh. U.S. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency), Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Generation of Electric Power in the United States, 2000, available athttp://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/co2_report/co2report.html.

Pages #3 and #4: Table 1. 1998-2000 Average State-level Carbon Dioxide Emissions Coefficients for Electric Power

United States Average: 1.34 lbs of CO2 Saved for every kWh Saved

The breakdown below is organized by US Region starting with the highest CO2 Savings:

 

East-North Central Average: 1.63 lbs of CO2 Saved for every kWh Saved

Illinois 1.16

Indiana 2.08

Michigan 1.58

Ohio 1.80

Wisconsin 1.64

West-North Central 1.73

Iowa 1.88

Kansas 1.68

Minnesota 1.52

Missouri 1.84

Nebraska 1.40

North Dakota 2.24

South Dakota 0.80

Mountain Average: 1.56 lbs of CO2 Saved for every kWh Saved

Arizona 1.05

Colorado 1.93

Idaho 0.03

Montana 1.43

Nevada 1.52

New Mexico 2.02

Utah 1.93

Wyoming 2.15

Pacific Non-contiguous Average: 1.56 lbs of CO2 Saved for every kWh Saved

Alaska 1.38

Hawaii 1.66

East-South Central Average: 1.49 lbs of CO2 Saved for every kWh Saved

Alabama 1.31

Kentucky 2.01

Mississippi 1.29

Tennessee 1.30

West-South Central

Arkansas 1.29

Louisiana 1.18

Oklahoma 1.72

Texas 1.46

South Atlantic Average: 1.35 lbs of CO2 Saved for every kWh Saved

Delaware 1.83

Florida 1.39

Georgia 1.37

Maryland 1.37

North Carolina 1.24

South Carolina 0.83

Virginia 1.16

West Virginia 1.98

Mid Atlantic Average: 1.04 lbs of CO2 Saved for every kWh Saved

New Jersey 0.71

New York 0.86

Pennsylvania 1.26

New England Average: 0.98 lbs of CO2 Saved for every kWh Saved

Connecticut 0.94

Maine 0.85

Massachusetts 1.28

New Hampshire 0.68

Rhode Island 1.05

Vermont 0.03

Pacific Contiguous Average: 0.45 lbs of CO2 Saved for every kWh Saved

California 0.61

Oregon 0.28

Washington 0.25

United States Average: 1.34 lbs of CO2 Saved for every kWh Saved